Publications where ape was used for the analyses, cited, or discussed until December 2008

If you want to add a reference in this list, email me.
  1. Fisher D. O., Blomberg S. P. & Owens I. P. F. 2003. Extrinsic versus intrinsic factors in the decline and extinction of Australian marsupials. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 270: 1801–1808.
  2. Holmes S. 2003. Bootstrapping phylogenetic trees: theory and methods. Statistical Science 18: 241–255.
  3. Paradis E. 2003. Analysis of diversification: combining phylogenetic and taxonomic data. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 270: 2499–2505.
  4. Bush E. C. & Allman J. M. 2004. The scaling of frontal cortex in primates and carnivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101: 3962–3966.
  5. Quader S., Isvaran K., Hale R. E., Miner B. G. & Seavy N. E. 2004. Nonlinear relationships and phylogenetically independent contrasts. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 709–715.
  6. Paradis E. 2004. Can extinction rates be estimated without fossils? Journal of Theoretical Biology 229: 19–30.
  7. Jimenez P., de Heredia U. L., Collada C., Lorenzo Z. & Gil L. 2004. High variability of chloroplast DNA in three Mediterranean evergreen oaks indicates complex evolutionary history. Heredity 93: 510–515.
  8. Claude J., Tong H., Pritchard P., Paradis, E. & Auffray, J.-C. 2004. Ecological correlates and evolutionary divergence in the skull of turtles: a geometric morphometric assessment. Systematic Biology 53: 933–948.
  9. Claude J. 2004. Phylogenetic comparative methods and the evolution of morphological integration. Revue de Paléobiologie Vol. spéc. 9: 169–178.
  10. Paradis E. 2005. Statistical analysis of diversification with species traits. Evolution 59: 1–12.
  11. Dieterle M., Thomann A., Renou J. P., Parmentier Y., Cognat V., Lemonnier G., Muller R., Shen W. H., Kretsch T. & Genschik P. 2005. Molecular and functional characterization of Arabidopsis Cullin 3A. Plant Journal 41: 386–399.
  12. Opgen-Rheim R., Fahrmeir L. & Strimmer K. 2005. Inference of demographic history from genealogical trees using reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 6.
  13. Pausas J. G. & Verdu M. 2005. Plant persistence traits in fire-prone ecosystems of the Mediterranean basin: a phylogenetic approach. Oikos 109: 196–202.
  14. Garrity G. M. & Lilburn T. G. 2005. Self-organizing and self-correcting classifications of biological data. Bioinformatics 21: 2309–2314.
  15. Blum M. G. B. & François O. 2005. On statistical tests of phylogenetic tree imbalance: the Sackin and other indices revisited. Mathematical Biosciences 195: 141–153.
  16. Fraley R. C., Brumbaugh C. C. & Marks M. J. 2005. The evolution and function of adult attachment: a comparative and phylogenetic analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89: 731–746.
  17. Shultz S., Bradbury R. B., Evans K. L., Gregory R. D. & Blackburn T. M. 2005. Brain size and resource specialization predict long-term population trends in British birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 272: 2305–2311.
  18. Carey V. J., Gentleman R., Huber W. & Gentry J. 2005. Bioconductor software for graphs. In: Bioinformatics and computational biology solutions using R and Bioconductor, Gentleman R., Carey V. J., Huber W., Irizarry R. A. & Dudoit S., editors, pages 347–368. Springer, New York.
  19. Garland T., Bennett A. F. & Rezende E. L. 2005. Phylogenetic approaches in comparative physiology. Journal of Experimental Biology 208: 3015–3035.
  20. Lenormand T. & Dutheil J. 2005. Recombination difference between sexes: a role for haploid selection. PLoS Biology 3(3): e63.
  21. Shultz S. & Dunbar R. I. M. 2006. Both social and ecological factors predict ungulate brain size. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 273: 207–215.
  22. Hunt G. & Roy K. 2006. Climate change, body size evolution, and Cope's Rule in deep-sea ostracodes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 1347–1352.
  23. Halsey L. G., Butler P. J. & Blackburn T. M. 2006. A phylogenetic analysis of the allometry of diving. American Naturalist 167: 276–287.
  24. Bortolussi N., Durand É., Blum M. & François O. 2006. apTreeshape: statistical analysis of phylogenetic tree shape. Bioinformatics 22: 363–364.
  25. Orlando L., Mashkour M., Burke A., Douady C. J., Eisenmann V. & Hänni C. 2006. Geographic distribution of an extinct equid (Equus hydruntinus : Mammalia, Equidae) revealed by morphological and genetical analyses of fossils. Molecular Ecology 15: 2083–2093.
  26. Eckert A. J. & Hall B. D. 2006. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and patterns of diversification for Pinus (Pinaceae): phylogenetic tests of fossil-based hypotheses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 166–182.
  27. Moreau C. S., Bell C. D., Vila R., Archibald S. B. Pierce & N. E. 2006. Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms. Science 312: 101–104.
  28. Evans K. L., Jackson S. F., Greenwood J. J. D. & Gaston K. J. 2006. Species traits and the form of individual species-energy relationships. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 273: 1779–1787.
  29. Jiggins C. D., Mallarino R., Willmott K. R. & Bermingham E. 2006. The phylogenetic pattern of speciation and wing pattern change in Neotropical Ithomia butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 60: 1454–1466.
  30. Phillimore A. B., Freckleton R. P., Orme C. D. L. & Owens I. P. F. 2006. Ecology predicts large-scale patterns of phylogenetic diversification in birds. American Naturalist 168: 220–229.
  31. Lefébure T., Douady C. J., Gouy M. & Gibert J. 2006. Relationship between morphological taxonomy and molecular divergence within Crustacea: proposal of a molecular threshold to help species delimitation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 435–447.
  32. Blum M. G. B., Heyer E., François O. & Austerlitz F. 2006. Matrilineal fertility inheritance detected in hunter-gatherer populations using the imbalance of gene genealogies. PLoS Genetics 2: 1138–1146.
  33. Halsey L. G., Blackburn T. M. & Butler P. J. 2006. A comparative analysis of the diving behaviour of birds and mammals. Functional Ecology 20: 889–899.
  34. Stajich J. E. & Lapp H. 2006. Open source tools and toolkits for bioinformatics: significance, and where are we? Briefings in Bioinformatics 7: 287–296.
  35. Renno J.-F., Hubert N., Torrico J. P., Duponchelle F., Nunez Rodriguez J., Garcia Davila C., Willis S. C. & Desmarais E. 2006. Phylogeography of Cichla (Cichlidae) in the upper Madera basin (Bolivian Amazon). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 503–510.
  36. McKenna D. D. & Farrell B. D. 2006. Tropical forests are both evolutionary cradles and museums of leaf beetle diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 10947–10951.
  37. Morin X. & Chuine I. 2006. Niche breadth, competitive strength and range size of tree species: a trade-off based framework to understand species distribution. Ecology Letters 9: 185–195.
  38. Paula S. & Pausas J. G. 2006. Leaf traits and resprouting ability in the Mediterranean basin. Functional Ecology 20: 941–947.
  39. Verdu M. & Gleiser G. 2006. Adaptive evolution of reproductive and vegetative traits driven by breeding systems. New Phytologist 169: 409–417.
  40. Rabosky D. L. 2006. LASER: a maximum likelihood toolkit for detecting temporal shifts in diversification rates from molecular phylogenies. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online 2006: 247–250.
  41. Roelants K., Gower D. J., Wilkinson M, Loader S. P., Biju S. D., Guillaume K., Moriau L. & Bossuyt F. 2007. Global patterns of diversification in the history of modern amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 887–892.
  42. White C. R., Blackburn T. M., Martin G. R. & Butler P. J. 2007. Basal metabolic rate of birds is associated with habitat temperature and precipitation, not primary productivity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 274: 287–293.
  43. MacFarlane G. R., Blomberg S. P., Kaplan G. & Rogers, L. J. 2007. Same-sex sexual behavior in birds: expression is related to social mating system and state of development at hatching. Behavioral Ecology 18: 21–33.
  44. Broquet T., Ménard N. & Petit É. 2007. Noninvasive population genetics: a review of sample source, diet, fragment length and microsatellite motif effects on amplification success and genotyping error rates. Conservation Genetics 8: 249–260.
  45. Casanellas M. & Fernández-Sánchez J. 2007. Performance of a new invariants method on homogeneous and nonhomogeneous quartet trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24: 288–293.
  46. Ramm S. A. 2007. Sexual selection and genital evolution in mammals: a phylogenetic analysis of baculum length. American Naturalist 169: 360–369.
  47. Gavotte L., Henri H., Stouthamer R., Charif D., Charlat S., Boulétreau M. & Vavre F. 2007. A survey of the bacteriophage WO in the endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24: 427–435.
  48. Forest F. et al. 2007. Preserving the evolutionary potential of floras in biodiversity hotspots. Nature 445: 757–760.
  49. Bininda-Emonds O. R. P. et al. 2007. The delayed rise of present-day mammals. Nature 446: 507–512.
  50. Clabaut C., Bunje P. M. E., Salzburger W. & Meyer A. 2007. Geometric morphometric analyses provide evidence for the adaptive character of the Tanganyikan cichlid fish radiations. Evolution 61: 560–578.
  51. Lefébure T., Douady C. J., Malard F. & Gibert J. 2007. Testing dispersal and cryptic diversity in a widely distributed groundwater amphipod (Niphargus rhenorhodanensis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 676–686.
  52. Phillimore A. B., Orme C. D. L., Davies R. G., Hadfield J. D., Reed W. J., Gaston K. J., Freckleton R. P. & Owens I. R. F. 2007. Biogeographical basis of recent phenotypic divergence among birds: a global study of subspecies richness. Evolution 61: 942–957.
  53. Fontaneto D., Herniou E. A., Boschetti C., Caprioli M., Melone G., Ricci C. & Barraclough T. G. 2007. Independently evolving species in asexual bdelloid rotifers. PLoS Biology 5: 914–921.
  54. Oliver M. J., Petrov D., Ackerly D., Falkowski P. & Schofield O. M. 2007. The mode and tempo of genome size evolution in eukaryotes. Genome Research 17: 594–601.
  55. White C. R., Blackburn T. M., Terblanche J. S., Marais E., Gibernau M. & Chown S. L. 2007. Evolutionary responses of discontinuous gas exchange in insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 8357–8361.
  56. Njouom R., Nerrienet E., Dubois M., Lachenal G., Rousset D., Vessiere A., Ayouba A., Pasquier C. & Pouillot R. 2007. The hepatitis C virus epidemic in Cameroon: genetic evidence for rapid transmission between 1920 and 1960. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 7: 361–367.
  57. Schurr F. M., Midgley G. F., Rebelo A. G., Reeves G., Poschlod P. & Higgins S. I. 2007. Colonization and persistence ability explain the extent to which plant species fill their potential range. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 449–459.
  58. Hunt G. 2007. Evolutionary divergence in directions of high phenotypic variance in the ostracode genus Poseidonamicus. Evolution 61: 1560–1576.
  59. De Vienne D. M., Giraud T. & Shykoff J. A. 2007. When can host shifts produce congruent host and parasite phylogenies? A simulation approach. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 1428–1438.
  60. Fontanillas E., Welch J. J., Thomas J. A. & Bromham L. 2007. The influence of body size and net diversification rate on molecular evolution during the radiation of animal phyla. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 95.
  61. Werth S., Gugerli F., Holderegger R., Wagner H. H., Csencsics D. & Scheidegger C. 2007. Landscape-level gene flow in Lobaria pulmonaria, an epiphytic lichen. Molecular Ecology 19: 2807–2815.
  62. Hipp A. L. 2007. Nonuniform processes of chromosome evolution in sedges (Carex : Cyperaceae). Evolution 61: 2175–2194.
  63. de Heredia U. L., Carrion J. S., Jimenez P., Collada C. & Gil L. 2007. Molecular and palaeoecological evidence for multiple glacial refugia for evergreen oaks on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Biogeography 34: 1505–1517.
  64. Rivadeneira M. M. & Marquet P. A. 2007. Selective extinction of late Neogene bivalves on the temperate Pacific coast of South America. Paleobiology 33: 455–468.
  65. Laurie C. C., Nickerson D. A., Anderson A. D., Weir B. S., Livingston R. J., Dean M. D., Smith K. L., Schadt E. E. & Nachman M. W. 2007. Linkage disequilibrium in wild mice. PLoS Genetics 3: 1487–1495.
  66. Pavoine S. & Bailly X. 2007. New analysis for consistency among markers in the study of genetic diversity: development and application to the description of bacterial diversity. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 156.
  67. Shultz S. & Dunbar R. I. M. 2007. The evolution of the social brain: anthropoid primates contrast with other vertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 274: 2429–2436.
  68. Clutton-Brock T. H. & Isvaran K. 2007. Sex differences in ageing in natural populations of vertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 274: 3097–3104.
  69. Verdu M., Pausas J. G., Segarra-Moragues J. G. & Ojeda F. 2007. Burning phylogenies: fire, molecular evolutionary rates, and diversification. Evolution 61: 2195–2204.
  70. François O. & Mioland C. 2007. Gaussian approximations for phylogenetic branch length statistics under stochastic models of biodiversity. Mathematical Biosciences 208: 108–123.
  71. MacFarlane G. R., Koller C. E. & Blomberg S. P. 2007. Accumulation and partitioning of heavy metals in mangroves: a synthesis of field-based studies. Chemosphere 69: 1454–1464.
  72. Perez-Barberia F. J., Shultz S. & Dunbar R. I. M. 2007. Evidence for coevolution of sociality and relative brain size in three orders of mammals. Evolution 61: 2811–2821.
  73. Lefeuvre P., Lett J.-M., Reynaud B. & Martin D. P. 2007. Avoidance of protein fold disruption in natural virus recombinants. PLoS Pathogens 3: e181.
  74. de Heredia U. L., Jimenez P., Collada C., Simeone M. C., Bellarosa R., Schirone B., Cervera M. T. & Gil L. 2007. Multi-marker phylogeny of three evergreen oaks reveals vicariant patterns in the Western Mediterranean. Taxon 56: 1209–1220.
  75. Lefeuvre P., Martin D. P., Hoareau M., Naze F., Delatte H., Thierry M., Varsani A., Becker N., Reynaud B. & Lett J.-M. 2007. Begomovirus 'melting pot' in the south-west Indian Ocean islands: molecular diversity and evolution through recombination. Journal of General Virology 88: 3458–3468.
  76. Lehmann J., Korstjens A. H. & Dunbar R. I. M. 2007. Group size, grooming and social cohesion in primates. Animal Behavior 74: 1617–1629.
  77. Morand-Ferron J., Sol D. & Lefebvre L. 2007. Food stealing in birds: brain or brawn? Animal Behavior 74: 1725–1734.
  78. Ricklefs R. E. 2007. Estimating diversification rates from phylogenetic information. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 22: 601–610.
  79. Hawkins J. S., Hu G., Rapp R. A., Grafenberg J. L. & Wendel J. F. 2008. Phylogenetic determination of the pace of transposable element proliferation in plants: Copia and LINE-like elements in Gossypium. Genome 51: 11–18.
  80. Paradis E. 2008. Asymmetries in phylogenetic diversification and character change can be untangled. Evolution 62: 241–247.
  81. Garcia V. B., Lucifora L. O. & Myers R. A. 2008. The importance of habitat and life history to extinction risk in sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 275: 83–89.
  82. Meiri S., Cooper N. & Purvis A. The island rule: made to be broken? 2008. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 275: 141–148.
  83. Olson V. A., Liker A., Freckleton R. P. & Szekely T. 2008. Parental conflict in birds: comparative analyses of offspring development, ecology and mating opportunities. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences 275: 301–307.
  84. Harmon L. J., Weir J. T., Brock C. D., Glor C. E. & Challenger W. 2008. GEIGER: investigating evolutionary radiations. Bioinformatics 24: 129–131.
  85. Nabholz B., Mauffrey J.-F., Bazin É., Galtier N. & Glemin S. 2008. Determination of mitochondrial genetic diversity in mammals. Genetics 178: 351–361.
  86. Lee K. A., Wikelski M., Robinson W. D., Robinson T. R. & Klasing K. C. 2008. Constitutive immune defences correlate with life-history variables in tropical birds. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 356–363.
  87. Muirhead J. R., Gray D. K., Kelly D. W., Ellis S. M., Heath D. D. & Macisaac H. J. 2008. Identifying the source of species invasions: sampling intensity vs. genetic diversity. Molecular Ecology 17: 1020–1035.
  88. Sequeira A. S., Lanteri A. A., Albelo R., Bhattacharya S. & Sijapati M. 2008. Colonization history, ecological shifts and diversification in the evolution of endemic Galapagos weevils. Molecular Ecology 17: 1089–1107.
  89. Nabholz B., Glemin S. & Galtier N. 2008. Strong variations of mitochondrial mutation rate across mammals: the longevity hypothesis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 120–130.
  90. Day J. J., Cotton J. A. & Barraclough T. G. 2008. Tempo and mode of diversification of Lake Tanganyika cichlid fishes. PLoS ONE 3: e1730.
  91. Hines H. M. 2008. Historical biogeography, divergence times, and diversification patterns of bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombus). Systematic Biology 57: 58–75.
  92. Bolmgren K. & Cowan P. D. 2008. Time-size tradeoffs: a phylogenetic comparative study of flowering time, plant height and seed mass in a north-temperate flora. Oikos 117: 424–429.
  93. Dumont B. L. & Payseur B. A. 2008. Evolution of the genomic rate of recombination in mammals. Evolution 62: 276–294.
  94. Kleven O., Laskemoen T., Fossoy F., Robertson R. J. & Lifield J. T. 2008. Intraspecific variation in sperm length is negatively related to sperm competition in passerine birds. Evolution 62: 494–499.
  95. Cooper N., Bielby J., Thomas G. H. & Purvis A. 2008. Macroecology and extinction risk correlates of frogs. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 211–221.
  96. Cusimano N, Zhang L. B. & Renner S. S. 2008. Reevaluation of the cox1 group I intron in Araceae and angiosperms indicates a history dominated by loss rather than horizontal transfer. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 265–276.
  97. Hines H. M. 2008. Historical biogeography, divergence times, and diversification patterns of bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombus). Systematic Biology 57: 58–75.
  98. Poyry J., Luoto M., Heikkinen R. K. & Saarinen K. 2008. Species traits are associated with the quality of bioclimatic models. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 403–414.
  99. Paula S. & Pausas J. G. 2008. Burning seeds: germinative response to heat treatments in relation to resprouting ability. Journal of Ecology 96: 543–552.
  100. Seddon N., Merrill R. M. & Tobias J. A. 2008. Sexually selected traits predict patterns of species richness in a diverse clade of suboscine birds. American Naturalist 171: 620–631.
  101. Puscas M., Choler P., Tribsch A., Gielly L., Rioux D., Gaudeul M. & Taberlet P. 2008. Post-glacial history of the dominant alpine sedge Carex curvula in the European Alpine System inferred from nuclear and chloroplast markers. Molecular Ecology 17: 2417–2429.
  102. Welch J. J. & Waxman D. 2008. Calculating independent contrasts for the comparative study of substitution rates. Journal of Theoretical Biology 251: 667–678.
  103. Martinson H. M., Schneider K., Gilbert J., Hines J. E., Hamback P. A. & Fagan W. F. 2008. Detritivory: stoichiometry of a neglected trophic level. Ecological Research 23: 487–491.
  104. Rowe M., Bakst M. R. & Pruett-Jones S. 2008. Good vibrations? Structure and function of the cloacal tip of male Australian Maluridae. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 348–354.
  105. Smith S. D., Ané C. & Baum D. A. 2008. The role of pollinator shifts in the floral diversification of Iochroma (Wolanaceae). Evolution 62: 793–806.
  106. Koopman M. M. & Baum D. A. 2008. Phylogeny and biogeography of tribe Hibisceae (Malvaceae) on Madagascar. Systematic Botany 33: 364–374.
  107. Macias-Hernandez N., Oromi P. & Arnedo M. A. 2008. Patterns of diversification on old volcanic islands as revealed by the woodlouse-hunter spider genus Dysdera (Araneae, Dysderidae) in the eastern Canary Islands. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94: 589–615.
  108. Harrison L. B. & Larsson H. C. E. 2008. Estimating evolution of temporal sequence changes: a practical approach to inferring ancestral developmental sequences and sequence heterochrony. Systematic Biology 57: 378–387.
  109. Qiu W. G., Bruno J. F., McCaig W. D., Xu Y., Livey I., Schriefer M. E. & Luft B. J. 2008. Wide distribution of a high-virulence Borrelia burgdorferi clone in Europe and North America. Emerging Infectious Diseases 14: 1097–1104.
  110. Merckx V., Chatrou L. W., Lemaire B., Sainge M. N., Huysmans S. & Smets E. F. 2008. Diversification of myco-heterotrophic angiosperms: evidence from Burmanniaceae. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8: 178.
  111. Sumner J. G., Charleston M. A., Jermiin L. S. & Jarvis P. D. 2008. Markov invariants, plethysms, and phylogenetics. Journal of Theoretical Biology 253: 601–615.
  112. Kabat A. P., Blackburn T. M., McKechnie A. E. & Butler P. J. 2008. Phylogenetic analysis of the allometric scaling of therapeutic regimes for birds. Journal of Zoology 275: 359–367.
  113. Tolley K. A., Chase B. M. & Forest F. 2008. Speciation and radiations track climate transitions since the Miocene Climatic Optimum: a case study of southern African chameleons. Journal of Biogeography 35: 1402–1414.
  114. Vieira-Silva S. & Rocha E. P. C. 2008. An assessment of the impacts of molecular oxygen on the evolution of proteomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 1931–1942.
  115. Studer R. A., Penel S., Duret L. & Robinson-Rechavi M. 2008. Pervasive positive selection on duplicated and nonduplicated vertebrate protein coding genes. Genome Research 18: 1393–1402.
  116. Verbruggen H. & Theriot E. C. 2008. Building trees of algae: some advances in phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis. European Journal of Phycology 43: 229–252.
  117. Lavin S. R., Karasov W. H., Ives A. R., Middleton K. M. & Garland T., Jr. 2008. Morphometrics of the avian small intestine compared with that of nonflying mammals: a phylogenetic approach. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81: 526–550.
  118. Yishay M., Burdman S., Valverde A., Luzzatto T., Ophir R. & Yedidia I. 2008. Differential pathogenicity and genetic diversity among Pectobacterium carotovorum ssp carotovorum isolates from monocot and dicot hosts support early genomic divergence within this taxon. Environmental Microbiology 10: 2746–2759.
  119. Claude J. 2008. Morphometrics with R. Springer, New York.
  120. Bolker B. M. 2008. Ecological Models and Data in R. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  121. Pouillot R., Lachenal G., Pybus O. G., Rousset D. & Njouom R. 2008. Variable epidemic histories of hepatitis C virus genotype 2 infection in West Africa and Cameroon. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 8: 676–681.
  122. Duponchelle F., Paradis E., Ribbink A. J. & Turner G. F. 2008. Parallel life history evolution in mouthbrooding cichlids from the African Great Lakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 15475–15480.
  123. Renner S. S., Grimm G. W., Schneeweiss G. M., Stuessy T. F. & Ricklefs R. E. 2008. Rooting and dating maples (Acer) with an uncorrelated-rates molecular clock: Implications for North American/Asian disjunctions. Systematic Biology 57: 795–808.
  124. Oliver, T.H., Leather, S.R., Cook, J.M. 2008. Macroevolutionary patterns in the origin of mutualisms involving ants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1597–1608.
  125. Brändle M., Kühn I., Klotz S., Belle C. & Brandl R. 2008. Species richness of herbivores on exotic host plants increases with time since introduction of the host. Diversity and Distributions 14: 905–912.
  126. Mazurie A., Bonchev D., Schwikowski B. & Buck G. A. 2008. Phylogenetic distances are encoded in networks of interacting pathways. Bioinformatics 24: 2579–2585.
  127. Vicentini A., Barber J. C., Aliscioni S. S., Giussani L. M. & Kellogg E. A. 2008. The age of the grasses and clusters of origins of C4 photosynthesis. Global Change Biology 14: 2963–2977.
  128. Willis C. G., Ruhfel B., Primack R. B., Miller-Rushing A. J. & Davis C. C. 2008. Phylogenetic patterns of species loss in Thoreau's woods are driven by climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 17029–17033.
  129. Kårehed J., Groeninckx I., Dessein S., Motley T. J. & Bremer, B. 2008. The phylogenetic utility of chloroplast and nuclear DNA markers and the phylogeny of the Rubiaceae tribe Spermacoceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 843–866.
  130. Velazco P. M. & Patterson B. D. 2008. Phylogenetics and biogeography of the broad-nosed bats, genus Platyrrhinus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 749–759.
  131. Knapp S., Kuhn I., Wittig R., Ozinga W. A., Poschlod P. & Klotz S. 2008. Urbanization causes shifts in species' trait state frequencies. Preslia 80: 375–388.
  132. Gotzenberger L., Kuhn I. & Klotz S. 2008. Effects of habitat disturbance and pollination type on the interspecific variation in pollen-ovule ratios. Preslia 80: 423–437.
  133. Giunchi D., Caccamo C. & Pollonara E. 2008. Pattern of wing moult and its relationship to breeding in the Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus. Ardea 96: 251–260.
  134. Vogler C., Benzie J., Lessios H., Barber P. & Worheide G. 2008. A threat to coral reefs multiplied? Four species of crown-of-thorns starfish. Biology Letters 4: 696–699.
  135. Schluessel V., Bennett M. B., Bleckmann H., Blomberg S. & Collin S. R. 2008. Morphometric and ultrastructural comparison of the olfactory system in elasmobranchs: The significance of structure-function relationships based on phylogeny and ecology. Journal of Morphology 269: 1365–1386.
  136. Sidlauskas B. 2008. Continuous and arrested morphological diversification in sister clades of characiform fishes: a phylomorphospace approach. Evolution 62: 3135–3156.
  137. Dornburg A., Santini F. & Alfaro M. E. 2008. The influence of model averaging on clade posteriors: an example using the triggerfishes (family Balistidae). Systematic Biology 57: 905–919.
  138. Elias M., Gompert Z., Jiggins C. & Willmott K. 2008. Mutualistic interactions drive ecological niche convergence in a diverse butterfly community. PLoS Biology 6(12): e300.
  139. Dunn M., Levinson S. C., Lindstrom E., Reesink G. & Terrill A. 2008. Structural phylogeny in historical linguistics: methodological explorations applied in island Melanesia. Language 84: 710–759.

Last updated: February 9, 2009